Citation: Cota-Larson, R. 2017. Pangolin Species Identification Guide: A Rapid Assessment Tool for Field and Desk.

Prepared for the United States Agency for International Development. Bangkok: USAID Wildlife Asia Activity. Available online at:

Cover: Ground Pangolin (Smutsia temminckii).

Photo: Lisa Hywood/Tikki Hywood Foundation

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About USAID Wildlife Asia

The USAID Wildlife Asia Activity works to address wildlife trafficking as a transnational crime. The project aims to reduce consumer demand for wildlife parts and products, strengthen law enforcement, enhance legal and political commitment, and support regional collaboration to reduce wildlife crime in Southeast Asia, particularly Cambodia; Laos; Thailand; Vietnam, and China. Species focus of USAID Wildlife Asia include elephant, rhinoceros, tiger, and pangolin. For more information, please visit


The author’s views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States Agency for International Development or the United States Government.