This guide is designed to help you confidently identify the eight species of pangolin, and when possible, body parts and scales even when removed from the animal.

Range maps are designed to assist law enforcement in determining possible country of origin and transit routes for pangolin species observed in trade. They are not indicative of specific geographic ranges within each country listed. Note that multiple pangolin species are native to certain countries.

The contents are organized by key differentiating physical characteristics, often utilizing the same photograph, because pangolin photographs are relatively uncommon. Species summaries note the main differentiators.

Profiles, total lengths, scale patterns, feet, and ratio of tail to body can help you identify live or dead animals with scales intact. Total length and ratio of tail to body can help you identify dead animals with scales removed.

It is helpful to know that Asian pangolin species have bristles between the scales, while African pangolin species do not. Keep in mind that each pangolin is an individual and may not appear exactly as it does in this guide.

Regional contact information is provided to assist you with incidents involving live animals.